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The independent Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee

The Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee is an independent, expert committee established under the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011 which assesses whether methodology determinations (methods) meet the requirements of the Emissions Reduction Fund. The Committee helps ensure the ongoing integrity of methods under the Fund, by:

  • Advising the Minister on whether to make, vary or revoke a method with regard to its compliance with the offsets integrity standards. These are set out in the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.
  • Monitoring the compliance of methods with the offsets integrity standards.
  • Undertaking periodic and crediting period extension reviews of methods determinations, including public consultation.
  • Advising the Minister and Secretary in relation to the outcomes of reviews of methodology determinations and any related public consultation.

Further information on the Committee's functions are set out in the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.

In December 2017 the Climate Change Authority reviewed the operation of the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011. The independent Authority found the Fund is performing well and outlined a number of detailed and technical recommendations to further improve its operations.

As a result of the review, the Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee has developed guidance for proponents to clarify how it interprets the Emissions Reduction Fund's offsets integrity standards in its deliberations.

The published guidance is intended to assist Fund project proponents only and is not a legal instrument. It is intended that the guidance will be updated as required.

Committee members

Professor Andrew Macintosh (Chair)

Photo of Andrew Macintosh

Professor Andrew Macintosh is the Associate Director of the Centre for Climate Law and Policy at the Australian National University (ANU). He is also a fellow at the Australian Centre for Environmental Law and member of the ANU Centre for Climate Economics and Policy, ANU Climate Change Institute and ANU Energy Change Institute. He has expertise in environmental law and policy, particularly in relation to climate change mitigation and adaptation, property rights regimes, land use, land-use change and forestry, and environmental impact assessment and approval processes. Previously, Professor Macintosh was on the ERF Expert Reference Group, and was Chair of the former Domestic Offsets Integrity Committee from December 2013.

Mr Paul Graham (CSIRO representative)

Photo of Paul Graham

Paul Graham is Chief Economist at CSIRO Energy Flagship. In this role he is responsible for advice on the global and national economic context relevant for the energy sector, setting the strategic direction for economic research and leading major projects. Mr Graham has been with CSIRO for 15 years and prior to that was a senior research officer at the Australian Bureau of Agricultural and Resource Economics. He has worked with a huge range of Australia's leading energy, resource and transport companies, major NGOs and key federal and state government departments. He has also been a key contributor to each of the modelling teams assembled for the various state and federal carbon policy analyses.

Dr Beverley Henry

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Dr Beverley Henry has worked in land sector greenhouse gas accounting and climate change research for over 20 years. She is an Adjunct Associate Professor at Queensland University of Technology and a Consultant. She has experience across academic, government and industry research, development and extension focussing on greenhouse gas mitigation and climate adaptation particularly for livestock production and natural resource management. Beverley has contributed to ERF method technical working groups on livestock and soil carbon and works with international climate change and agricultural organisations, including United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation, International Standards Organisation and International Wool Textile Organisation.

Suzanne Jones

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Suzanne has held senior government and private sector executive and non‐executive roles involving transport and energy, infrastructure planning and delivery, environmental assessment and sustainability, resource and asset management, property development, tourism and vocational education and training. Suzanne is currently the national chair of the infrastructure industry association, Dial Before You Dig, a director of Urban Growth NSW, University of New England Partnerships Pty Ltd and Smoke Alarms Holdings Ltd, a director and past Founding Chair of Waste Aid (a not for profit organization working with remote Aboriginal communities) and a member of the Australian Astronomical Observatory's governance committee. At the end of December 2016, Suzanne completed eight years on the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Council, serving as its chair for four years. Suzanne was a director of TransGrid, Australia's largest transmission network, for the four years prior to its successful privatization in December 2015. Suzanne holds a Bachelor of Town Planning (Honours) from the University of NSW, a Masters of Business Administration from the University of Rochester, is a Fellow of the Australian Institute of Company Directors and a Member of the Planning Institute of Australia. Suzanne has undertaken a business leadership course at Harvard and was awarded an international leadership fellowship by the United States government.

Dr Hilary Smith

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Dr Smith is a geographer and forester, with expertise across the community agroforestry and commercial forest management sectors. She is a Visiting Fellow at the Fenner School of Environment and Society at the Australian National University (ANU) and is an independent research consultant. Dr Smith has Ph.D, from the University of Adelaide and a Masters in Law, Governance and Development from the ANU. Her current research interests are in legal systems for forest ownership and use. From 1997-2011 she worked in the Australian public sector in forestry and forest policy. Since then she has been involved in research into, and in undertaking projects for, forestry, agroforestry and land sector greenhouse gas emissions abatement activities, including through savanna fire management, reforestation and REDD+, both within Australia and internationally.

Chris Johnston (Departmental representative)

Photo of Chris Johnston

Mr Chris Johnston is the Assistant Secretary of the Climate Change Policy Branch in the Department of the Environment and Energy. His duties in this role include responsibility for climate change science and adaptation policy, emissions projections and the long term emissions reduction strategy. He has held a number of senior positions across the Department of the Environment and Energy and the Department of Climate Change and Energy Efficiency, including renewable energy, heritage, budget strategy and communications. He has also worked on climate change, environment and energy policy in the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet.

Mick Keogh

Photo of Mick Keogh

Mr Keogh has a Bachelor of Science and Master of Science in Wool and Pastoral Sciences from the University of New South Wales. He researched and authored numerous papers and reports on issues impacting the agricultural sector with Australia and internationally in his role as Executive Director of the Australian Farm Institute from 2004-2018, including many dealing with agriculture-sector emissions and sequestration and abatement policies. Mr Keogh was also been Chairman of the National Rural Advisory Council from 2012-2015, was previously a member of the CSIRO Sustainable Agriculture Flagship Advisory Committee, and since June 2018 has been a Commissioner and Deputy Chairman of the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission.

Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee Secretariat

The Emissions Reduction Assurance Committee (ERAC) Secretariat provides administrative support for the ongoing functions of the ERAC. The Secretariat is also the point of contact for stakeholders in their dealings with the ERAC.

ERAC enquiries should be directed to the Secretariat at: