Climate change is a global problem that requires a global solution. Much progress is already under way both in terms of international cooperation and commitments to reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
Paris Agreement 2015
A global agreement for climate action post-2020 was concluded at the Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in December 2015. Australia is a party to the Paris Agreement, which it ratified on 9 November 2016.
The Paris Agreement is a turning point for global climate action. It provides for five yearly reviews of national mitigation, adaptation and support commitments, underpinned by a rules based system to assess whether countries are meeting their pledges. In August 2015, the Australian Government committed to reduce emissions by 26 to 28 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030.
The Australian Government's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade is responsible for leading its international engagement on climate change through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Government commissioned modelling about the economic impacts of international and domestic climate action on Australia. More information about the modelling can be found at the following link:
The Department of the Environment and Energy is responsible for:
- leading Australian negotiations on land sector issues through the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
- supporting negotiations on issues which overlap with the Department's responsibilities to manage Australia's greenhouse gas inventories and projections
- approving Australian participation in the Clean Development Mechanism and Joint Implementation projects
- a number of aid projects providing support for developing countries related to the development of Measurement, Reporting and Verification systems for developing countries
- Promoting global action to progress activities that reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in the Asia-Pacific region through the Asia-Pacific Rainforest Partnership
- coordinating Australia's contribution to the International Partnership for Blue Carbon
- complying with UNFCCC processes to report on Australia's progress against its unconditional 2020 economy wide emissions reduction target including through:
- providing updates on Australia's emissions through the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory