Australia's support for developing countries
Developing countries measurement of land sector emissions
Australia is a recognised world leader in land and forest monitoring to inform the estimation of emissions. It is using this expertise to help developing countries through a variety of aid programmes managed by the Department of the Environment and Energy.
A major focus of Australia's assistance to developing countries in the land sector is to help set up Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems.
The development of MRV systems to calculate emissions from the land sector has become increasingly important. Countries need to use MRV systems to meet international requirements to measure emissions reductions in a transparent and consistent way.
Effective MRV systems also bring other benefits to developing countries, such as improving land management to enhance food security and improve rural people's livelihoods.
Official Development Assistance-funded programmes
The Department manages these Official Development Assistance (ODA)-funded programmes:
Global Forest Observations Initiative
The Global Forest Observations Initiative (GFOI) is an international partnership that helps developing countries build robust MRV systems to calculate changes to forests and the contribution of their destruction and degradation to greenhouse gas emissions. Accurate measurements are the bedrock of effective forest policies supporting climate action.
The GFOI supports the integration of satellite data and ground-based measurements to assist countries to generate a full account of forest resources and emissions from land use changes.
Australia leads the development of the GFOI Methods and Guidance Documentation (MGD). These resources provide practical advice to help developing country partners establish forest monitoring systems that comply with international requirements.
System for Land-Based Emissions Estimation in Kenya
The System for Land-based Emissions Estimation in Kenya (SLEEK) means that the Government of Kenya will be able to measure and report its land sector emissions and evaluate different land-use scenarios for sustainable development. This will help inform policy decisions to improve the management of forests, agriculture and water.
The Department is working with the Government of Kenya to implement this $12 million programme. It will develop an MRV system and a decision support system. SLEEK data will be made freely available to all government agencies, non-government organisations and land holders.
South Africa Land Sector Measurement, Reporting and Verification Capacity Building Project
This $0.8 million project is helping the South African Government develop a strategic plan to measure the amount of carbon stored in the country's vegetation and soil.
South African experts have sought advice from the practical experiences of other developing countries which have achieved progress in land sector MRV improvement, including Indonesia and Kenya.
South Africa's enhanced ability to monitor and measure emissions from land use is intended to improve the country's ability to meet international reporting requirements and gain accreditation for climate finance.
Support to Indonesia's Measurement, Reporting and Verification System
Since 2009, Australia has supported Indonesia to develop a forest monitoring system which will allow Indonesia to develop policies to achieve their domestic and international forest commitments. From 2017-19, Australia is supporting Indonesia to further build and maintain capacity for MRV of the land sector, operationalise the MRV system within the Indonesian Government and share experiences with other developing countries.
Non-land sector MRV capacity building
Measurement, Reporting and Verification Capacity Building Programme
This $3 million initiative supports Thailand to improve its national greenhouse gas inventory systems national greenhouse gas inventory systems for whole of economy emissions. Recently, it became a requirement under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change for developing countries to submit reports at least every two years that provide a comprehensive breakdown of their national greenhouse gas emissions. These national greenhouse gas inventories should be transparent, accurate, complete, consistent and comparable (TACCC).
Australia has been preparing and submitting national inventories for many years and has valuable experience and expertise to share. This initiative focuses on helping Thailand to develop a data management system similar to Australia's to enable the Thai Government to independently prepare national inventories in line with the TACCC principles.